Sewing & Pattern making Terms

Edge stitch

Achieving clean and precise seams is a key aspect of garment construction for seamstresses. The edgestitch technique is a valuable skill that adds a professional touch to your sewing projects. By stitching close to the fabric edge, this technique creates a neat and refined finish while securing seams and edges effectively.

Purpose and Benefits of Edge stitch

Edge stitching offers several advantages, including:

  • Enhanced Seam Definition: Edgestitching creates a visible line of stitching right along the edge of the fabric, defining the seam and adding a polished look to the garment. It helps seams lay flat and prevents them from rolling or puckering.
  • Reinforcement and Durability: By stitching close to the edge, edgestitching provides extra reinforcement to seams and edges, making them more resistant to wear and tear. This technique adds strength to areas that may undergo stress during regular use.
  • Neat and Professional Finish: Edgestitching adds a refined and professional touch to your sewing projects. It showcases your attention to detail and elevates the overall quality and appearance of the garment.

Technique for Edgestitching

To achieve a clean and precise edge stitch, follow these steps:

  • Set up the machine: Select a straight stitch on your sewing machine and adjust the stitch length according to your project’s requirements. It’s recommended to use a shorter stitch length for better control and stability.
  • Position the fabric: Align the fabric edge with the desired distance from the needle (usually 1/16 inch). Keep the fabric aligned with the edge guide of your sewing machine foot to ensure consistent stitching.
  • Stitching direction: Start stitching from the edge of the fabric, sewing slowly and steadily along the edge. Keep your stitches even and parallel to the fabric edge. Use the edge of the presser foot or a guide on your machine as a reference to maintain a consistent seam allowance.
  • Corners and curves: When approaching corners or curves, pivot the fabric by lifting the presser foot, leaving the needle in the fabric, and rotating the fabric as needed. Lower the presser foot and continue stitching, ensuring smooth and continuous lines.

Variation Topstitching

Topstitching is a similar technique to edgestitching but the stitches are also visible on the right side of the fabric (usually 1/16 or 3/16 inches). It serves both functional and decorative purposes, such as securing facings, adding structural elements, or creating visual interest. Topstitching can be used on garment edges, seams, pockets, or any areas where you want to draw attention or provide extra reinforcement.

Incorporating edgestitching and topstitching techniques into your sewing repertoire allows you to elevate your projects to a professional level. By mastering these techniques, you’ll achieve clean, defined seams and edges, resulting in garments that exude quality and attention to detail. Those two stiching technics, not only enhance the appearance of your creations but also contribute to their durability and longevity.

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Melissa Villegas
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