Sewing & Pattern making Terms


As a seamstress or pattern maker, your arsenal of tools goes beyond just fabric and patterns. A key term in the sewing world is “notions.” In this informative guide, we will delve into the world of notions, exploring their significance, the wide range of options available, and their indispensable role in creating beautifully crafted garments and clothes.

Notions: The Building Blocks of Sewing Success

Notions encompass a diverse array of tools and supplies that aid in the construction, embellishment, and finishing touches of sewing projects. From practical essentials to decorative elements, notions play a vital role in enhancing both the functionality and aesthetics of your creations.

Essential Notions Every Seamstress Should Have:

  1. Needles and Pins:
  • Hand-sewing needles: Essential for various tasks, including basting, hemming, and attaching buttons.
  • Machine needles: Different types and sizes designed for specific fabrics and stitches.
  • Straight pins: Used to hold fabric layers together during cutting and sewing.
  1. Thread:
  • All-purpose thread: Versatile thread suitable for most sewing projects.
  • Specialty thread: Varied options such as heavy-duty, invisible, or decorative threads to suit specific needs.
  1. Scissors and Cutting Tools:
  • Dressmaker’s shears: Large, sharp scissors for cutting fabric.
  • Seam ripper: Used for removing stitches and correcting errors.
  • Rotary cutter: Ideal for precise and efficient fabric cutting.
  1. Measuring and Marking Tools:
  • Tape measure: Used for taking body measurements and fabric dimensions.
  • Seam gauge: Handy for measuring and marking seam allowances and hems.
  • Tailor’s chalk or fabric markers: Tools for transferring pattern markings onto fabric.

Notions for Construction and Finishing:

  1. Fasteners:
  • Buttons and snaps: Used for closures on garments and accessories.
  • Zippers: Commonly used in garments, bags, and home decor items.
  • Hook-and-loop tape: Provides adjustable closures and fastenings.
  1. Elastic and Ribbons:
  • Elastic: Provides stretch and shape retention, commonly used in waistbands and cuffs.
  • Ribbons and trims: Decorative elements for adding flair and personalization to garments.
  1. Interfacing and Stabilizers:
  • Interfacing: Adds structure and support to specific areas of garments.
  • Stabilizers: Used to reinforce fabrics during embroidery or appliqué work.
  1. Seam Finishes:
  • Bias tape: Used to finish raw edges and create decorative trims.
  • Overlock machine or serger: Creates professional-looking seam finishes.

Notions for Embellishments and Embroidery:

  1. Decorative Trims:
  • Lace, ribbons, and braids: Enhance garments with delicate or bold embellishments.
  • Piping and cording: Add definition and accents to seams and edges.
  1. Embroidery Supplies:
  • Embroidery floss: Colorful threads for decorative hand embroidery.
  • Embellishments: Beads, sequins, and appliqués for adding texture and dimension.

Exploring Notions

Personalization and Innovation Notions provide endless opportunities for personalization and innovation in your sewing projects. Consider exploring specialty or unique notions that align with your creative vision to elevate your craftsmanship and bring your designs to life.


Notions are the unsung heroes of sewing, providing the tools and materials necessary to achieve professional and visually captivating results. By understanding the vast array of notions available and their specific applications, you can expand your creative possibilities and master the art of sewing with finesse. Whether it’s selecting the right needles, choosing decorative trims, or adding unique embellishments,

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Melissa Villegas
Pattern Maker &


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